This Construction Project Checklist is designed to help project managers, constructors, architects, engineers as well for common people to plan, schedule and budget . Check list can be use to get an idea of managing a typical construction projects.
- Architects and Engineers
- Project managers
Architects and Engineers:
1. Construction Project Designing and Planning
- Create a design of the building you want to construct. Usually this work is assigned to a design group (team) which consists of professional construction designers, interior designers, surveyors, engineers and architects. Your design group will plan physical characteristics of the building and then integrate this information with other parts of your project.
- Assign the primary construction project tasks to the design group. These tasks refer to developing drawings and specifications for the building. Success of the team efforts to complete the tasks will be achieved in close collaboration, so that architects, interior designers, engineers, and constructors can easily collaborate with each other, share common tasks, and review shared objectives. Multi-userconsproject software will contruction help you achieve better team collaboration and make your construction project planning efforts in line with goals and expectations of project stakeholders.
- Develop construction project schedule. Such a schedule is used to show team members deadlines of each task and determine the overall time required to accomplish the construction project tasks.
- Developconstruction project outlineplan by using drawings and specifications and according to the construction schedule. Such a plan is to be checked, revised and approved by the project owner or customer.
2. Construction Project Financing.
- Negotiate with mortgage bankers to negotiate a loan for your project. If you are not experienced in managing finances, it is better to hire a group of professional accountants and cost engineers who will help you negotiate the best terms of loan and plan investments in your project. Adequate financial planning of your project is the guarantee that a solid financial construction project work plan with contingency plans is in place and necessary funds are available.
- Createconstruction project management plan for allocating and controlling finance of your project. Your accountants will help you allocate an expected monetary flow and monitor payouts. Your cost engineers will let you properly evaluate and control cost of project work and materials required for the project.
3. Construction Project Legalizing.
- Comply your project with the legal framework governing the property in your country. By following governmental property regulations as well as obligations created in the project construction process, you are likely to significantly reduce probability of construction project risk occurrence.
- Hire an attorney who will take your project through all legislation requirements and make it legitimate. This person will keep track of the latest changes or exemptions in the law governing the land to ensure your building meets legal requirements and the land at which the building is situated is allotted in the right way
- Manage construction project organization of contracts. Your project is a set of contracts and legal obligations that require proper legal treatment and considerations. Poorly drafted and managed construction contracts lead to confusion and collapse, so your legal advisor should treat for your contracts and give you construction project reports regularly.
4. Construction Project Procuring.
- Project procurement describes activities to obtain construction materials required for setting up your building. There is one basic method of project construction procurement "Designing-Bidding-Building" which is briefly described below.
The method of Designing-Bidding-Building. A traditional scheme of managing construction project procurement refers to undertaking three processes: Designing, Bidding and Building. Designing is the process of developing a detailed project plan that includes construction project WB structure, exact timeframes, construction project timelines, and required finances. Bidding is the process of negotiating with potential procurers and vendors to get the best bids. Building is the process of executing your project plan and constructing the building. The method assumes carrying out all the processes cohesively, step by step, one by one.
Project Managers &PM Consultants
Pre Construction Activities:
- Property search and Documentation
- Basic Estimate and fund allocation
- Identification of project Team
- Appointment of Architects and Consultants
- Concept planning and Approvals
- Statutory Approvals
- Submission of proposal to the local authorities
- Detailed engineering and cost Estimate
- Appointment of Project management consultants(PMC)
- Short listing of vendors/suppliers/contractors.
- Tendering and Award of contract.
- Site Mobilization and statutory permissions
- Allocation of Site office with QC and storage facilities
- Materials and Equipments procurement and storage
- Building Layout and approval
- Excavation and foundations/ Basement construction
- Building Construction
- Building Finishes
- Quality Control
- PMC Monitoring Quality and safety .
- Site measurement and Billing
- Infrastructure development including landscapes.
- Utilities Water, Sewer, Power and HVAC construction ,connections and commissioning.
- Work certification completion certification and occupation.
- Closing of accounts.
- Handing over to the actual user.
Buyers and End Users
- first calculate that how much you will end up paying from your Pocket. The all inclusive price quoted by Builder can be 10-15% less. BSP+All charges by builder incl. Parking, power back up, IFMS, External Dev. charges, Meter charges, Club membership, etc.
Now add 5% extra area on you Super Area as when possession time, the builder will casually tell you that your 1500 sq.ft area is now 1600 sq.ft. And guess what no increase in carpet area so be prepared. Add service charges approx 2.5-3% add registry charges, and other miscellaneous charges of approx. 25,000. Add all together and you will get you pocket price. This is essential for people on tight budget.
- As the builder if he has got allotment for land he is selling, if Not when he will get it. Has the builder also taken loan to pay for the land in case he has done it there will be a tri partite agreement.
- Are good banks like HDFC, ICICI, Financing on down payment, if yes. You are more or less safe in terms of land allotment for builder.
- Have a copy of Master plan of the area with you even though the govt. may change the master plan but at least a "may" factor is there
Avoid projects whichshare boundaryorare opposite:
Police stations, Hospitals, Sewage area, Dumping Grounds, School , Colleges, Major commercial Hubs, Shopping Malls, Villages, Huge Drains, Low income housing societies made by govt, Sector markets, Govt. offices, factories Power station, High tension wires, railway tracks, Graveyards, Places of worship, wine and beer shops, Bus Terminals, Right on expressway.
- If Metro nearby avoid buying a project which is within 500-600 meters from the metro station. Best is to be around 600-1000 meters away from Metro station. This is to avoid the mad rush around your complex, auto rickshaws, hawkers, illegal parking’s and lines of cars
- Preferred locations are locations which share boundary or are opposite. Golf courses, five star hotels, master plan green park areas (avoid forest areas as it means that they cannot be landscaped and you may have monkey menace and dirt), Even IT Parks are O.K, If nothing then even next to plots will be o.k as at least you will not have a huge building staring at your face all the time.
- Ask for a list of completed projects of a builder commercial or residential not so important. one just needs to visit them and see the quality of construction. Talk to maintenance staff there they will tell you best about seepage and fitting problems as they do the repair work.
- Get details as to who is the Contractor for work in the project and who is the architect. Please remember that construction is sub contracted mostly.
- If your project has many "For Future Development" areas around ask about them it’s not possible that a builder has NO idea what he intends to build there. If you are buying a low rise and next to it is "Future development" area in which the builder plans multistoried then your dream house will suddenly feel dwarfed and not to forget the construction related pollution one will suffer for at least 3 years.
- No builder will give you important details like which brand modular kitchen, fittings ,tiles, wiring they will use Please notice its clearly written XXX BrandOREquivalent now that "Equivalent" will come from China so it’s best to go for a Raw flat until unless you are getting a really great offer. Its best to get a raw flat...and get it done as per your specs before you shift
- Piped gas, CCTV System, etc are common these days you may not get piped gas immediately but if they have made provision for it it’s ok
- The maintenance of apartments done after possession is often poor and done by useless labors. Once a project is completed its forgotten by builder the guards are nearly all useless. Its best to have provision for video doors if they are not providing get the wiring done.
- If you have a balcony in your bedroom and no provision for split a.c then you will use half of your balcony for that window a.c. That’s why split a.c provision is must. Nowadays builders provide both
- DONOT get fooled by statements like 70% open 5 acre park the simplest way to know is "HOW MANY APPARTMENTS IN ON ACRE OF PROJECT" Here how you will calculate. If Total area of project is 10 acres and you have 5 towers with 4 apartments on each floor and 25 stories high building it means one building will have 100 appts so total 5 buildings will have 500 appts meaning 500 appts in 10 acres meaning 50 appats per acre. Now this is an open project. In my opinion (may vary from person to person) Less than 40 apartments per acre...Premium project..very expensive Between 40 to 60 – Good open area...ideal..as it should be within reach More than 70 – Average open area More than 100 – Its way too crowded
- If you have a tight budget you will have to compromise on density in that case opt for a higher floor between 6 to 10 is good enough this is my personal opinion though Simply because its the Bombay like situation then in high density areas more open on top.
- A project may have excellent facilities but less space and a project may have average facilities but lots of space go or a spacious one as a supermarket, coffee shop, saloon, chemist can open anytime it depends how pro active your RWA will be but one can NEVER get more space Real estate in its most Raw form is Land.
- Be fully aware that maintenance cost will be minimum Rs.1.50 per sq feet per month and the Bill for Power back up used is entirely different. Its per unit charges may be around Rs.10-12 Per unit compared to Rs.4 of govt. Power back up is NOT free. More the facilities more the maintenance charges A premium project may charge as high as Rs.2.50 psf per month plus service charges
- If they are claiming to be Earthquake resistant ask who will certify it and till what level they are planning to make. A building can be safe for 4 richter scale. 5 richter scale. 6 richter scale The higher the better
- Penalty clause is ONLY for BUYER if you delay in payment he will charge interest but even if the builder delays possession by 2 years nothing will b paid they have it all under control remember they have a team of lawyers not you. So if a builder says 3 years be prepared for 4 years simple.